Ankle pain is often due to an ankle sprain but can also be caused by ankle instability, arthritis, gout, tendonitis, fracture, nerve compression (tarsal tunnel syndrome), infection and poor structural alignment of the leg or foot. Ankle pain can be associated with swelling, stiffness, redness, and warmth in the involved area. The pain is often described as an intense dull ache that occurs upon weight bearing and ankle motion.
Initial treatment may consist of rest, ice, elevation, and immobilization, but may also include nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs) such as ibuprofen, physical therapy, and cortisone injection. A foot and ankle surgeon can best determine the cause of the ankle pain and appropriate treatment options.
A sprain is an injury in a joint, caused by the ligament being stretched beyond its own capacity.
Arthritis is a common condition that causes pain and inflammation within a joint.
In the UK, around 10 million people have arthritis. The condition affects people of all ages including children (see below).
There are many different types of arthritis that cause a wide range of symptoms. Two of the most common are osteoarthritis and rheumatoid arthritis.
Tendonitis is a term often used to describe an inflamed and painful tendon.
However, tendon pain can also be caused by small tears in the surrounding tissue or the gradual deterioration of a tendon where it connects to the bone. This type of tendon pain is often referred to as ‘tendinopathy’.
For more information on ankle pain see:
Peroneal Tendon Injuries.
Post. Tibial Tendon Dysfunction.
Talar Dome Lesion.
Tarsal Tunnel Syndrome – (nerve compression).
Foot Health Matters is a HCPC Registered Podiatry Practice in South Belfast. Northern Ireland BT10 0DR Tel: 028-90-611619.